PMI Project Management
Project Management Institute (PMI) defined as the process of coordinating, managing and directing both human and material resources throughout a project using standard management methodologies to achieve an initial proposed goal and objectives of time, quality, scope, and cost. This definition can also be extended to construction project management where the same model is applied by a construction project manager to accomplish a predetermined set of objectives only in a construction context.
Construction Project Management usually includes complex tasks that very differently, depending on the work currently being executed and it demands excellent skills in communication, in-depth understanding of the construction and building process, and the ability to solve different construction problems. It is a complicated field that requires knowledge in various aspects such as sales, finance, business, law, banking and many more.
The cause of a successful construction project lies down on the skills and experience. For someone, new to managing projects will think all the role of a project manager is to remind team members of the cut-off dates, project status but their characters go beyond that.
The project manager needs to acquire grounded knowledge about the field before he can be confident in himself that he can execute the five phases of a project. The five steps as described by (PMI) will be discussed below.
PHASE 1: PROJECT INITIATION
It is the first phase of the project, and the objective of this phase is to describe in detail what the plan is all about. The first thing in this phase is the business case. This is where research is carried out to determine whether the project can be accomplished and if it should be executed. It is the stage of the project where feasibility testing is done.
In this phase of a project, concerned stakeholders will help in the decision making if the plan should be executed or not. If the project is a “go,” then you will need to define the purpose and requirements of the project; and this can be done by creating a project charter or a project initiation document
PHASE 2: PROJECT PLANNING
This phase is one of the critical phases that determine whether a project will be successful or not. Project planning is like a route that every team member must follow to achieve the desired objectives. Setting your desired goals is the first thing in this phase.
During the project planning phase, the construction project management plan is developed, and the scope of the project is explained in detail. Cost, required resources, timetable are specified in this phase. This phase is also concerned with the establishment of performance measures. These can be created using the cost, scope, and schedule of the project. The performance measures are essential to determine the state of a given project.
Roles and responsibility are clearly defined in this phase so that everyone knows what they are to do and hold accountable for. This helps to create effective time management by informing every one of their tasks and the time allocated for the completion of those tasks.
PHASE 3: PROJECT EXECUTION
In the project execution phase, deliverable s are developed and completed. This often refers to the main process of the project and many things are attached to this phase such as status reports and meetings, performance reports and development updates. The first thing that will occur in the project execution state is a “kick-off” meeting where the teams and individuals involved are informed of their duties.
Tasks completed during the Execution Phase include:
• Team development
• Assigning resources to team and individual
• Executing the prepared project management plans
• Procurement management if required
• Project manager direct and coordinate the affairs of the project
• Setting up a tracking system to track project progress
• Assigned tasks are completed.
PHASE 4: PROJECT MONITORING
The project monitoring phase has to do about monitoring of the progress and performance of a project and making sure the tasks executed are in line with what is in the plan. To determine whether a project is on track, project managers make use of key performance indicators (KPIs). Project managers usually use these indicators to measure project performance.
PHASE 5: PROJECT CLOSURE
The phase where the proposed project is completed is known as project closure. Evert contractors, subcontractors, technicians and project team hired for this project work are disengaged and terminated. In some cases, the project managers organize lively events to thank and appreciate the efforts of every individual involved in the completion of the project. At the end of the project, the project manager often holds a meeting termed “post-mortem” to evaluate the challenges faced and how it was overcome to identify project failures. This adds to the team experience so that when executing future projects, they are so careful not to make such mistakes; therefore, increasing their productivity.
Project Managers cannot manage all the various components of a project. He needs project management software to aid the process. CONSYSA was developed by a team of individuals who understand and are experienced in the field of construction project management. This software was designed to overcome the challenges faced when executing construction projects. CONSYSA is used by most construction professionals to manage different tasks of a project and is made available to business owners of any size
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